Jayne Traverse will take up her new role on 1 October, replacing the outgoing Frank Jordan.
Jordan departed Cheshire East Council last month, becoming corporate director for resident services at Nottingham City Council.
His replacement has spent the last three years as director of growth at Tameside Council.
During her time at Tameside, Traverse worked on projects including Godley Green Garden Village and played a role in drawing up a £40m Levelling Up Fund bid for Stalybridge and Ashton town centres.
Earlier in her career, Traverse spent more than a decade at West Lancashire Council as economic development manager and corporate director of economic growth, regeneration and strategic property.
At Cheshire East, Traverse will work on various projects including the creation of an HS2 hub in Crewe, expected to open in 2027.
The place directorate includes highways, waste and recycling, economic development, housing and planning.
Cheshire East Council chief executive Dr Lorraine O’Donnell said: “It is a great time to join the organisation. We have a clear vision for an open, fair and green Cheshire East, as set out in our corporate plan, and a four-year balanced budget.
“Local public services have never been so important as they are now, as we emerge from the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.
“Cheshire East is in a strong position to overcome the challenges and maximise the many strengths and opportunities ahead.”